Lean manufacturing is a management philosophy derived mostly from the Toyota Production System and identified as “Lean” only or Toyotaism in the 1990s.  But, there are varying perspectives on how this is best achieved. The steady growth of Toyota, from a small company to the world’s largest automaker, has focused attention on how it has achieved this success.

Lean means creating more value for customers through a perfect value creation process that has zero waste. Eliminating waste creates far less costs and with much fewer defects. A lean organization understands perfect value to the customer and need less human effort, less space, less capital, and less time. Thus,  information management becomes much simpler and more accurate.


Lean transformation is often used to characterize a company moving from an old way of thinking to lean thinking. Currently, Lean is a set of tools used by public, private and non-profit sectors to improve processes by removing waste and increasing efficiency. It can be equally applicable to all industries and services, including healthcare and government as they create a culture of continuous improvement.


The following is a five-step thought process for guiding the implementation of lean technical questions. It is a production practice that considers the expenditure of resources for any goal other than the creation of value for the end customer to be wasteful, and thus a target for elimination.


  1. Specify value from the standpoint of the end customer.
  2. Identify all the steps in the value stream, eliminating wherever possible those steps that do not create value.
  3. Make the value-creating steps occur in tight sequence so the product will flow smoothly toward the customer.
  4. Let customers pull value from the next upstream activity as flow is introduced,
  5. Begin the process again and continue it until a state of perfection is reached in which perfect value is created, with no waste as value is specified, value streams are identified, wasted steps are removed, and flow and pull are introduced.


Many organizations combine the systems, Lean/Six Sigma, to improve both the method of production and the quality of the product. The six sigma quality management system is used to measure the number of defects that occur during a process. The term six sigma derives from the mathematical use of sigma in statistics as a standard deviation. The main process for Six Sigma is DMAIC which stands for define, measure, analyze, improve, and control.



  1. Lean, thin, slender, slim, wiry, sinewy, spare, trim, gaunt


    1. Lean beef must have no more than 10 grams of fat, 4.5 grams of saturated fat and 95 milligrams of cholesterol
    2. Thin tea is formulated by experts burn fat, and promote weight loss
    3. Slim chickens features fresh handmade tender, wings, sandwiches, wraps, salads
    4. Wiry strength gets some strength and no mass
    5. Sinewy person has a tight and stretched toughness
    6. Spare room can be as well used the others
    7. Trim paint means wipe excess primer of the brush
    8. Gaunt face looks dull


  1. Bony, skinny, skeletal, lanky, scrawny


Bony knees, skinny fibre, sketetal system, lanky legs, scrawny shoulders


  1. Puny, weedy


Puny brain, weedy trees


  1. Slight, delicate, shabby, meager


Slight stroke, delicate touch, shabby shack, meagre gain


  1. Pitiable, Pitiful, piteous, dismal, pathetic


Pitiable condition, pitiful princess, piteous eyes, dismal day, pathetic priviledge


  1. Frail, fragile, feeble


Frail fingernails, fragile flower, feeble old man


  1. Wasted, emaciated, withered, exhausted


Wasted potential, emaciated elderly, withered roses, exhausted mom


  1. Shrunken, shrunk


Shrunken survival, shrunk stomach


  1. Cadaverous, atrophied, underfed, malnourished, undernourished


Cadaverous odor, atrophied brain, underfed puppy, malnourished girl, undernourished pregnancy


  1. Half-starved, shin-and-bone


Half-starved baby, skin-and-bone tattoo

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