THE WORD LAST USED IN THE 13th CENTURY-KHAZARS
WHERE IS ITIL?
The Khazars invaded eastern Europe primarily Ukraine, Poland, Belarus, Lithuania, Hungary and Germany to escape further defeats in Asia. In the 1st century B.C. the Khazars had invaded eastern Europe from their homeland in Asia. The Khazars invaded eastern Europe via the land route between the north end of the Caspian Sea and the south end of the Ural Mountains. The Khazars were driven out of Asia finally by the nations in Asia with whom they were continually at war. The very warlike Khazars did not find it difficult to subdue and conquer the 25 peaceful agricultural nations occupying approximately 1,000,000 square miles in eastern Europe. In a comparatively short period the Khazars established the largest and most powerful kingdom in Europe, and probably the wealthiest as well. It is known from history textbooks that the capital of the Khazars, built at the mouth of the Volga, is Itil, which existed in the 8-10th century. Since the 10th century it has been subjugated to the Northern Black Sea region and a large territory of Crimea. This allowed the city to become a shopping center of the Middle Ages. The history of Kievan Rus is closely connected with the existence of the Khazars.
Itil was located 15 kilometers from Astrakhan; but others suggest that the city stood north near modern Volgograd. Here Christians, pagans, Muslims, Jews peacefully coexisted. The Muslim community consisted of merchants, artisans, the royal guard; Judean-from merchants, residents who fled from persecution in Byzantium. The pagans were mostly Slavs. Itil was destroyed in the second half of the 10th century. Prior to the 10th century the Khazar Kingdom had already been reduced by Russian conquests to an area of about 800,000 square miles. The lands of the Bulgars, Burtases, Yas and Kasogs, dependent on the kaganate, were also crushed. The territory of the Khazar Kingdom in the 10th century was still by far the largest of any nation in Europe. They are classified by modern anthropologists as Turco-Finns racially.
BLACK AND WHITE KHAZARS
This event is associated with the Prince of Kievan Rus Svyatoslav Igorevich. By the beginning of the 11th century, the Ruses had left the capital and the Khazar royal court was able to return to it. White Khazars-This is the ruling caste of professional warriors from the Slavic-Aryans. Black Khazars-these are Turkic tribes who came to the lower reaches of the Ra river (Itil – Volga) from the depths of Asia. Some of them were refugees leaving their homeland after the Dinlin tribes, their allies in the struggle for independence against the ancient Chinese. In principle, the black Khazars are representatives of the yellow race mixed with black. They had black tar hair, black eyes and dark skin. At the beginning of the 6th century A.D the Jews organized the first socialist revolution under the slogans of Freedom, Equality and the Brotherhood as the mazdak’s Vizier Uprising. White Persians, who created the Persian Empire, was destroyed. They were declared “enemies of the people” and their wealth was expropriated, which was divided between poor Jews and Jewish leaders. People organized a counter-revolution in the Summer of 6038 from (529 A.D) overthrew Kavad, and Mazdak’s vizier- a high official in some Muslim countries, especially in Turkey under Ottoman rule was brutally executed. The Mazdakite Jews managed to leave and settled in Khazaria. From that moment on, a system of double government was established in Khazaria, under which the rulers from the old royal family continued to lead the country nominally, but the people of the family actually controlled them. That is the reason why Khazars are generally described by early Arab sources as having a white complexion, blue eyes, and reddish hair. It is very likely that the establishment of a new order was accompanied by internecine clashes.
Antimazdakite Jews were simply expelled from Persia along with their wealth. The Romans accepted the anti-Mazdak Jews. But the Jewish response was very strange. “Jews who found salvation in Byzantium should have helped the Byzantines. But they helped quite strangely. Secretly negotiating with the Arabs, the Jews opened the gates at night cities and let in Arab warriors. They slaughtered men, and women and children were sold into slavery. Jews, cheaply buying up slaves, resold them with considerable profit for themselves. This could not please the Greeks. But, having decided not to acquire new enemies, they limited themselves to offering the Jews to leave. So in the lands of the Khazars a second group of Jews appeared – the Byzantine». L.N. Gumilyov “From Russia to Russia.” Chapter II Slavs and their enemies.
Their religious worship was a mixture of phallic worship and other forms of idolatrous worship practiced in Asia by pagan nations. This form of worship continued until the 7th century. The vile forms of sexual excess indulged in by the Khazars as their form of religious worship produced a degree of moral degeneracy the Khazar’s king could not endure. In the 7th century King Bulan, ruler at that time of the Khazar Kingdom, decided to abolish the practice of phallic worship and other forms of idolatrous worship and make one of the three monotheistic religions, about which he knew very little, the new state religion. After a historic session with representatives of the three monotheistic religions King Bulan decided against Christian and Islam and selected as the future state religion as the religious worship then known as “Talmudism”, and now known and practiced as “Judaism”.
EVERY ONE WHO RETURNED IN DEFEAT WAS KILLED
This even is well documented in history. King Bulan and his 4000 feudal nobles were promptly converted by rabbis imported from Babylonia for that event. Phallic worship and other forms of idolatry were thereafter forbidden. The Khazar kings invited large numbers of rabbis to come and open synagogues and schools to instruct the population in the new form of religious worship. The uniqueness of the situation lies in the fact that Judaism does not imply the conversion of non-Jews. Conversion to Judaism was a precondition to any peace treaty with the Arabs after the defeat. By the end of the 12th century it was reported that travelling through what he called “Khazaria”, and had little to remark on other than describing its living amidst desolation in perpetual mourning.
The religious leaders imposed the teachings of the Talmud upon the population as their guide to living. The ideologies of the Talmud became the axis of political, cultural, economic and social attitudes and activities throughout the Khazar kingdom. The ruling stratum was a relatively small group that differed ethnically and linguistically from its subject peoples. They controlled and exacted tribute from 25 to 30 different nations and tribes inhabiting the vast territories between the Caucasus, the Aral Sea, the Ural Mountains, and the Ukrainian steppes. When the ruler sent out a body of troops, they would not retreat under any circumstances. If they were defeated, every one who returned was killed. Each ruling elite of has been allocated to a clan.
HOW TO USE THE SYNONYMS TO “DECREASE”
This can be difficult with large trees, but if you can hit the undersides with jets of water or insecticidal soap, you may lessen the problem.
MAKE OR BECOME LESS
Space constraint did not abate their hatred in detecting such a plot to get a true glimpse of the amazing cultural divergence of the nation.
SOMETHING HOSTILE, THREATENING OR NEGATIVE BECOMES LESS
This is because one of the purposes of the criminal law is to assuage the feelings of the victims and their friends and relations.
MAKE UNPLEASANT FEELING LESS INTENSE
In order to allay public fears, experts have been hired to conduct a study of the cracks and determine whether they will affect the dams.
PUT FEAR, SUSPICION, WORRY AT REST
I sometimes had to resort to printing out stories from the online edition of my local paper to appease her.
SATISFY A FEELING OR DEMAND
He is wandering around with the phone in the crook of his neck and shoulder, gamely trying to placate an obstinate interviewer.
MAKE LESS ANGRY OR HOSTILE
He notes the instructions to governors to conciliate and protect the natives, and argues they did their best to temper the hostility of settlers.
MAKE LESS DISCONTENDED
At one time the majority of people have believed in the divine right of kings, slavery, and human sacrifice to propitiate the gods.
REGAIN THE FAVOR OF A GOD, SPIRIT, OR PERSON
There is no doubt that the kind of personnel required to invade a country and the kind needed to pacify a nation are two different breeds.
BRING PEACE TO A PLACE OR WARRING FACTIONS
I made the introduction mostly to mollify the woman who looked like she’d rather shoot us than hear our story.
STOP THE ANXIETY OR ANGER OF SOMEONE
Obesity is also a progressive condition, unlike anorexia nervosa, which tends to ameliorate with age.
MAKE SOMETHING UNSATISFACTORY BETTER
For brain surgery to remove a tumor or to alleviate the symptoms of neurological diseases, like Parkinson’s, it’s fairly commonplace today.
MAKE DEFICIENCY, SUFFERING, OR PROBLEM LESS SEVERE
To mitigate risk to the tank, the infantry would move to the tank’s flank to prevent the enemy from mounting from the rear.
MAKE LESS SERIOUS OR PAINFUL
There are those tales too of a somewhat grimmer nature concerning the use of humor to palliate the horrors of war.
MAKE LESS SEVERE WITHOUT REMOVING THE CAUSE
When the public smells a rat, however, the reaction of the establishment in seeking to soothe the public mood is making matters worse.
CALM A FEELING OR PERSON GENTLY
By the 1920s a state-subsidized system of grain elevators, silos, and storage at railheads helped to ease the cycle of glut and scarcity.
MAKE LESS DIFFICULT
We screamed and yelped and hugged each other tightly to relieve some of the unwanted stress.
MAKE DISTRESS LESS SEVERE
You also console yourself with the knowledge that these are historical artifacts from a bygone era.
COMFORT AT THE TIME OF DISAPPOINTMENT
There will always be some tension between the desire to reduce risk and the desire to make as much money as possible.
BRING TO A LOWER OR WEAKER CONDITION, STATE OR ROLE
Long-term exposure to allergens can attenuate inflammation and revert airway hyperreactivity to normal responsiveness.
MAKE LESS FORCE, EFFECT OR VALUE
The sooner they are rooted out and dealt with; the sooner we may be able to curtail what is now a worrying trend.
IMPOSE A RESTRICTION
Advisors will also be working with individual landowners, helping to improve the image of water voles and thus decrease the use of rodenticides.
BECOME SMALLER OR FEWER IN SIZE, AMOUNT, INTENSITY OR DEGREE
Knowing that there were moments such as these does nothing to diminish a sense of the enormity and horror of what went on.
BECOME LESS IMPRESSIVE OR VALUABLE
The premiums continue to rise each year while the amount of coverage seems to dwindle.
GRADUALLY DECREASE IN SIZE, STRENGTH OR AMOUNT