You’ve heard about the part where you get a DNA testing kit, spit into a tube, send it off in the mail — and months later you get a report showing where your ancestors hailed from. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in humans and almost all other organisms. Nearly every cell in a person’s body has the same DNA. Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus Human DNA consists of about 3 billion bases, and more than 99 percent of those bases are the same in all people. So each man can be seen as the unique universe of DNA.
The order, or sequence, of these bases determines the information available for building and maintaining an organism. DNA bases pair up with each other, A with T and C with G, to form units called base pairs. Each base is also attached to a sugar molecule and a phosphate molecule. Together, a base, sugar, and phosphate are called a nucleotide. Nucleotides are arranged in two long strands that form a spiral called a double helix. The structure of the double helix is somewhat like a ladder, with the base pairs forming the ladder’s rungs and the sugar and phosphate molecules forming the vertical sidepieces of the ladder. . Each strand of DNA in the double helix can serve as a pattern for duplicating the sequence of bases. This is critical when cells divide because each new cell needs to have an exact copy of the DNA present in the old cell.
A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Genes are made up of DNA. Some genes act as instructions to make molecules called proteins. However, many genes do not code for proteins. In humans, genes vary in size from a few hundred DNA bases to more than 2 million bases. An international research effort called the Human Genome Project, which worked to determine the sequence of the human genome and identify the genes that it contains, estimated that humans have between 20,000 and 25,000 genes.
Every person has two copies of each gene, one inherited from each parent. Most genes are the same in all people, but a small number of genes (less than 1 percent of the total) are slightly different between people. Alleles are forms of the same gene with small differences in their sequence of DNA bases. These small differences contribute to each person’s unique physical features.
Scientists keep track of genes by giving them unique names. Because gene names can be long, genes are also assigned symbols, which are short combinations of letters and sometimes numbers that represent an abbreviated version of the gene name.
The Fact Sheet For Recipients And Caregivers Emergency Use Authorization (Eua) Of The Pfizer-Biontech Covid-19 Vaccine To Prevent Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) In Individuals 16 Years Of Age And Older On THE PFIZER Manufactured by Pfizer Inc., New York, NY 10017 Manufactured for BioNTech Manufacturing GmbH An der Goldgrube 12 55131 Mainz, Germany as accredited the LAB-1451-2.4 Revised: 25 February 2021 as follows: There is no U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved vaccine to prevent COVID-19. The Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine is an unapproved vaccine that may prevent COVID-19. There is no FDA-approved vaccine to prevent COVID-19. In an ongoing clinical trial, the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine has been shown to prevent COVID-19 following 2 doses given 1 month apart. The duration of protection against COVID-19 is currently unknown.
Moreover, in its guidance to healthcare providers administering vaccines, the MHRA- Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency and it is part of the UK’s Department of Health states that the Pfizer/BioNTech’s Covid-19 vaccine long-term effects on pregnancy and fertility hasn’t been studied extensively.
Vaccines actually are a legally defined term, and they’re a legally defined term under public health law, they’re legally defined term under the CDC and FDA standards. A vaccine specifically has to stimulate both an immunity within the person who is receiving it, but it also has to disrupt transmission. The mRNA strand that is going into the cell, it is not to stop transmission. It is a treatment. It is a medical device designed to stimulate the human cell into becoming a pathogen creator.
Officials at the World Health Organization (WHO) have stated that it is not clear whether COVID-19 vaccines can prevent asymptomatic infection and transmission. WHO chief scientist and pediatrician Soumya Swaminathan, MD said: We continue to wait for more results from the vaccine trials to really understand whether the vaccines, apart from preventing symptomatic disease and severe disease and deaths, whether they’re also going to reduce infection or prevent people from getting infected with the virus, then from passing it on or transmitting it to other people. I don’t’ believe we have the evidence on any of the vaccines to be confident that it’s going to prevent people from actually getting the infection and therefore being able to pass it on.
A technology called messenger RNA (mRNA), which has been studied and experimented with for decades in different forms, but has never been used in a commercial vaccine. So-called “messenger” genetics do just what they say on the tin: deliver genetic information to parts of your body, usually in order to overwrite or erase the genetic information that’s already there. Your body naturally makes and uses mRNA already. It’s one of three kinds of ribonucleic acid (RNA) that all work together to translate pure genetic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) information into proteins in your body. It’s taken scientists decades to identify this specific mechanic and turn it into medicine. There’s no reason to think mRNA is the only kind of vaccine option—it’s just the fastest in this particular situation, with a dozen other options in advanced development around the world.
Two of the new COVID-19 vaccines use synthetic mRNA programmed to send instructions to immune cells to target the virus’ spike proteins, those protrusions on the surface of the viral cells that make them look like a crown -thus the name coronavirus. Spike proteins work in several ways that make COVID-19 difficult to treat. These proteins contain sugar molecules that help the virus fight off immune responses. More importantly, they are used to allow the virus to penetrate other cells, allowing the virus to spread. The synthetic mRNA instructs the body to create the coronavirus antigen,which is not the virus itself, but a fake antigen that prompts the immune system to make antibodies.
We already know from the past work with the original SARS-CoV virus that vaccines produced against that virus resulted in pathologic immune-reaction called antibody-dependent enhancement. We are talking about immunity-based enhancement of the disease triggered by the vaccination process itself. In essence, what happens is that the vaccine results in stimulating the antibody production against the infectious agent, in this case antibodies against the spike protein. However, not every antibody is created the same. Each person will produce their own antibodies that could end up targeting different areas of the spike protein with different affinity for interaction.
Some antibodies will bind very strongly to the virus and prevent it from being able to interact with our host cells and invade them. We call such antibodies “neutralizing antibodies”. But if the randomly produced antibody binding is weak and not well targeted to permanently inhibit the virus from being free to do its dirty bidding-invade our cells and replicate itself, then our body will not only have a hard time clearing such viral infection, such antibodies can also inadvertently help the virus infect even more cells. We call such antibodies “enhancing antibodies”. This phenomenon has been observed for number of other respiratory viruses in addition to SARS-CoV, and has plagued past vaccination attempts.
Another possibility is that the enhancing antibodies produced by the vaccine could help produce a specific immune chain-reaction during the real virus infection that could enhance inflammation and immunopathology. You might have heard of this being described as a cytokine storm, and it has been observed in some of the severe cases of COVID-19. Perversely, the immune reaction that is elicited is so strong that it ends up leading to further damage, like inflammation of the lung tissues, closing of the airways and even death. That’s why epigenetics has come into being as the study of heritable phenotypic variation that is not due to changes in the DNA sequence. Epigenetic variation is often overlooked because most populations used to analyze the basis of complex traits contain abundant DNA sequence variation—the major driver of phenotypic variation—and disentangling epigenetic variants from these sequence variants is a challenging task.
Probe-with hands or instruments
Examine-assess a condition or nature
Inspect-for shortcomings
Check-for determination
Investigate-truth in a chain of facts
Consider-for decision
Appraise-for an information with evidence
Surmise-for an idea without evidence
Conjecture-for an idea with incomplete information
Assess-for a standard or a rule
Evaluate-for an analysis
Judge-for conclusion
Guess-not for a surety
Estimate-for quantity, number
Approximate-for uncompleted accuracy
Adjudge-for declaration on a case
Reckon-in a specified way
Gauge-for dimension
View-in a particular attitude
Water-soluble polymers are widey used to__________ ion channel structures in their functional states. PROBE
The primary purpose of this study was to________________ the relationship between primary exercise-dependence symptoms and perfectionism. EXAMINE
Energy companies are sending letters and emails to __________ customers threatening to break down their front doors to their gas meters. INSPECT
After answering a few more of our questions he got up to ________________on the patient and then left the house. CHECK
A judge who knows that few people will ___________ his legal reasoning is more likely to take a bribe than one mindful of observers armed with casebooks and citations. SCRUTINIZE
During my career we did ______________quite a few satanic murder cases and a human sacrifice. INVESTIGATE
Maybe it’s time for both the globalists and anti-globalists to ______________what the poorer and disenfranchised have already worked out. CONSIDER
It was designed to help general practitioners ____________and assimilate information from scientific publications. APPRAISE
My ___________________is that anyone who has a patent to prosecute will have held off until the European software patent decision is made. SURMISE
In places where those records are incomplete or lost, we are left to ____________when people from past centuries were born. CONJECTURE
I did come down pretty hard on her illegal drug use, so I can ______________her response to that in order to gauge the rest. EVALUATE
As well as affecting the way we __________other people, moods also influence our susceptibility to weak arguments. JUDGE
Liking it or not, I _________________the Internet has brought a great many thoughts and teachings to a much wider audience. GUESS
To _______________the net mass of the meal, we had added the values of expected mass loss before the meal was delivered to the observed mass gain. ESTIMATE
The violin is also considered a very expressive instrument, which is often felt to __________________the human voice. APPROXIMATE
I cannot and do not __________________you unsuccessful, in the sense of having demonstrated your guilt rather than your innocence. ADJUDGE
He said it was the liquor, rum and rotgut, which made him ill, but I _______________it was something worse. RECKON
As it is, I believe that trading standards should use children as agents provocators to __________________which shops are abiding to the law. GAUGE
Critics ______________the decision as an example of moral bankruptcy on the part of the administration. VIEW

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